Understanding the Evolution of Smoke Mass Extinction Efficiency Using Field Campaign Measurements

Citation:

Saide PE, Thapa LH, Ye X, Pagonis D, Campuzano-Jost P, Guo H, Schuneman ML, Jimenez J-L, Moore R, Wiggins E, et al. Understanding the Evolution of Smoke Mass Extinction Efficiency Using Field Campaign Measurements. Geophysical Research Letters [Internet]. 2022;49 (18) :e2022GL099175.

Abstract:

Abstract Aerosol mass extinction efficiency (MEE) is a key aerosol property used to connect aerosol optical properties with aerosol mass concentrations. Using measurements of smoke obtained during the Fire Influence on Regional to Global Environments and Air Quality (FIREX-AQ) campaign we find that mid-visible smoke MEE can change by a factor of 2–3 between fresh smoke (<2 hr old) and one-day-old smoke. While increases in aerosol size partially explain this trend, changes in the real part of the aerosol refractive index (real(n)) are necessary to provide closure assuming Mie theory. Real(n) estimates derived from multiple days of FIREX-AQ measurements increase with age (from 1.40 – 1.45 to 1.5–1.54 from fresh to one-day-old) and are found to be positively correlated with organic aerosol oxidation state and aerosol size, and negatively correlated with smoke volatility. Future laboratory, field, and modeling studies should focus on better understanding and parameterizing these relationships to fully represent smoke aging.

Notes:

e2022GL099175 2022GL099175

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